et pas commenté
When trying to use a
100vh CSS value to build a new interface for a game that would use the full viewport, I discovered that this full height value meant the bottom of the game interface was partialy hidden behind the browser buttons bar or below the "fold" of some mobile browsers.
An issue with Apple iOS Safari
I first discovered this on my iPhone 5 and iPad 2.
Here is what this page looks like on an iPhone 5 :
- Bottom hidden in iOS Safari in portrait mode
- Bottom hidden in iOS Safari in landscape mode
100vh is computed for when the browser interface is hidden, after a scroll :
- Full content visible in iOS Safari in portrait mode after scroll
- iOS Safari in landscape mode goes full screen after scroll
When trying to use a
100vh CSS value to build an interface for a game that would use the full viewport, I discovered that this full height value meant the bottom of the game interface was partialy hidden behind the browser buttons bar of Safari iOS on iPhone, or below the "fold" on iPad.
Steps to Reproduce
- Open http://lab.gasteroprod.com/vub/index-ios-issue.html on iOS Safari with an iPhone in portrait mode, or an iPad in portrait or landscape mode
- The bottom part of the "bottom right" box is not visible, the 100vh height container being taller than the visible part
I would have expected the viewport size (and the
100vh dimension) to be equal to the visible part of the page in the browser. It’s called VIEWport after all.
I understand it means the viewport changes when the browser interface hides, but I find it better, and necessary for "full viewport" interfaces. Fullscreen API is not available either, so there is no simple way to fix this behavior.
The bottom part of the "bottom right" box is not visible, the
100vh height container being taller than the visible part
iPhone 5 and iPad 2
Version & Build
iOS 8.1.3 (12B466), and other versions in the iOS simulator
But not the only one…
In fact I saw later that iOS Safari is not the only one doing this.
Firefox on Firefox OS
I discovered later the same behavior on the browser of Firefox OS:
- Bottom hidden in Firefox OS’s browser
Are these behaviors browsers bugs, or the correct implementation of the standard, or is it open to interpretation?
February 23rd update
Webkit bug has been set to RESOLVED WONTFIX, with this explanation:
This is completely intentional. It took quite a bit of work on our part to achieve this effect. :)
The base problem is this: the visible area changes dynamically as you scroll. If we update the CSS viewport height accordingly, we need to update the layout during the scroll. Not only that looks like shit, but doing that at 60 FPS is practically impossible in most pages (60 FPS is the baseline framerate on iOS).
It is hard to show you the "looks like shit" part, but imagine as you scroll, the contents moves and what you want on screen is continuously shifting.
Dynamically updating the height was not working, we had a few choices: drop viewport units on iOS, match the document size like before iOS 8, use the small view size, use the large view size.
From the data we had, using the larger view size was the best compromise. Most website using viewport units were looking great most of the time.
March 4th update
The issue on Apple Bug Reporter has been closed with this comment:
This issue behaves as intended.
The W3C CSS Working Group replied on Twitter with links to past discussions:
— CSS Working Group (@csswg) 28 Février 2015
March 9th update
The W3C CSS Working Group suggestion doesn’t fix anything, in iOS at least. Test it live here.